IMB X-Ray Crystallography Facility

410-413 Kasha Laboratory

Florida State University

Tallahassee, FL 32306-4380, USA

Telephone: (850) 644-6448 (Off) | (850) 645-1333 (Lab)


Web: |

XRF Upgrades-2004-2005

XRF Hardware & Software Upgrades


Recent Upgrades to X-Ray Crystallography Facility Hardware & Software

XRF Upgrades 2004- ’05

Upgrades to X-Ray Facility Hardware & Software

Version: March 10, 2005; Original: 11102004.


The X-Ray Crystallography Facility has recently upgraded or added several pieces of hardware and software.  This note is intended to inform the XRF users about all those upgrades.  A copy of this Note will be posted in XRF webpage shortly after receiving suggestions from the users.  The following is the list of changes that were made recently:

1)     Computers: Desktops | Laptop

2)     Computer Accessories: Combo FireWire Drive | Veo Observer Camera

3)     Cryo Accessories: HC34 Cryo dewar

4)     Facility Amenities: Emergency power | UPS Power

5)     Software: HKL2000 | CCP4-5.0 | EPMR | Phaser


Raccoon and Neptune upgrades


Figure1 Data Processing Computer (KLB 410A)

Raccoon and Neptune the main data processing and archiving computers have now additional storage capacity.  We have added a Seagate 34 GB SCSI hard disk to each of them.  We have added a Belkin USB2 + IEEE1394 comb PCI cards so that external FireWire drives can now be connected either through FireWire or USB2 connection.  We have added a DAT72 (DDS5) internal tape drive.  With these additions we support all the five generations of DDS tapes (DDS, DDS2, DDS3, DDS4 and DAT72).  The current status is displayed below:

Raccoon (KLB 410A)

Neptune (KLB 410A)

  • Current O/S : RedHat Linux v. 7.1 (Seawolf) & kernel v. 2.4.20-20.7
  • 384 MB physical memory
  • 1.5 GB swap partition
  • One 20 GB Maxtor IDE hard disk
  • Two 34 GB (IBM & Seagate) SCSI hard disks
  • One internal Lite-on IDE CD-ROM drive
  • One external HP SCSI CD-R/-RW drive
  • One internal Certance SCSI DAT72 (DDS5) tape drive
  • Two external FireWire hard drives (Maxtor & Iomega), and
  • A Belkin Combo USB 2.0 and FireWire card.
  • Current O/S: RedHat Linux v. 7.3 (Valhalla) & kernel v. 2.4.20-20.7
  • 384 MB physical memory
  • 1.8 GB swap partition
  • One 20 GB Maxtor IDE hard disk
  • One 34 GB Seagate SCSI hard disk
  • One internal Lite-On IDE CD-ROM drive
  • One internal Seagate SCSI DDS4 tape drive
  • One external Seagate SCSI DDS3 tape drive
  • One Pioneer FireWire DVD-R/-RW drive, and
  • A Belkin Combo USB 2.0 and FireWire (aka: i-Link, IEEE1394) card.

Laptop (Tampa) upgrades

Tampa, the Dell Latitude Cpx laptop now has additional storage capacity and new Linux operating system.  The dual bootable laptop now features Windows XP SP2 and Debian GNU/Linux 3.1 as well as a 60 GB hard disk shared between these two operating systems. The current details of the laptop are listed below:

Tampa (KLB 414)

  • Current O/S:

§         Debian GNU/Linux v.3.1 and kernel v. 2.4.26 &

§         Windows XP SP2

  • 256 MB physical memory | 1.2 GB swap
  • One 60 GB SimpleTech IDE hard disk
  • One internal Hitachi-LG ATAPI DVD-ROM/CD-R drive
  • WD FireWire, 3Com Lan100, Adaptec USB2, and Zoom v.92 modem PC cards

Computer Accessories

The current details for all XRF computers are listed in the table below:

Name (\\DOMAIN)

IP # (Prefix) (128.186.103)

Location (KLB)

Information (Operating System) (\\XRAY)



R-Axis IIC Controller (Win NT 4.0)



MarCCD Controller (RH Linux 8.0 | Kernel 2.4.18-14)



Data Processing & Archiving (RH Linux 7.3 | Kernel 2.4.20-20)



Data Processing & Archiving (RH Linux 7.1 | Kernel 2.4.20-20)



Laptop (Debian Linux 3.1 & Win XP SP2) (\\IMB2)



Crystal Documentation (Win 2000 SP4)

Table 1 Details of X-Ray Crystallography Facility Computers

Options for archiving the user’s data, ranging from tapes, CDs, and DVDs both under Windows and Linux environments and are shown in Table 2 below:

Manufacturer & Model | Type

IP ( | 128.186.103.)

Operating System

Media / Native Capacity

Certance CD72LWH-SS | Internal SCSI

raccoon. | .108


DAT72 tape / 36 GB

HP CD-Writer+ 9200 | External SCSI

raccoon. | .108


CD-R\-RW / ~700 MB

Seagate STD1401LW | Internal SCSI

neptune. | .106


DDS4 tape / 20 GB

Seagate STD624000N | External SCSI

neptune. | .106


DDS3 tape / 12 GB

Pioneer DVR-A04 | External SCSI

neptune. | .106


DVD-R\-RW/ ~4.6 GB

Seagate STD1401LW | Internal SCSI

spruce. | .109


DDS4 tape / 20 GB

Seagate STD1401LW | Internal SCSI

anaconda. | .102

Win NT 4.0

DDS4 tape / 20 GB

Pioneer DVR-A04 | Internal SCSI

anaconda. | .102

Win NT 4.0

DVD-R\-RW / ~4.6 GB

Table 2 Available options for data archiving at IMB XRF

Sony USB + FireWire DVD-Writer (DVD ± R/RW)

Figure 2 Sony Dual Interface Dual Media DVD Writer

For archiving (backing-up) data at home and retrieving pre-archived data from synchrotrons we have added a new multi-format (DVD ±R/RW) dual-interface (USB 2.0 & FireWire IEEE1394) external Sony DVD DRX-510UL Writer/Reader.  This drive is capable of reading and writing all the following media:

DVD+R\RW, DVD-R\RW, CD-R\RW, and CD-RW (writing); CD-ROM, DVD-ROM (reading)

For compatibility reasons we continue to recommend the use of General-purpose (as opposed to Authoring) 4.7 GB DVD-R and DVD-RW media from Pioneer Electronics for all archiving purposes both at home and while at synchrotrons.  More information is available under Sony DVD Writer.

Veo Observer Camera

Veo Observer Camera is a network camera that has a built-in web server that can be accessed by Internet Explorer (only).  It has 24 bit digital output with a 640 x 480 pixel size and is pan-tilt capable.  XRF has installed one such camera on an experimental basis (in March 2005) to monitor the status of the sample in the Rigaku-Osmic-IP detector set-up.  Users have a limited access to the camera functions.  Ask Soma for username, password and the protocol for usage.  The web address for the VeoXtalCam1 is (Works in IE only).

Veo Observer Network Camera

Veo Camera snapshot of the sample status

Figure 3 Veo Observer Network Web Camera

Cryo Accessories

Taylor-Wharton HC34 Cryo Dewar

Cryo storage dewar HC34 from Taylor-Wharton is designed specifically to store biological samples including crystals at cryogenic temperatures for long-term (many months). The storage dewar has a 3.6" neck diameter and accommodates six (6) separate 11" cryo canisters. Each canister can accommodate about twenty (20) cryo canes and each cryo cane can accommodate five (5) cryo vials each. Over 500 cryo vial samples can be maintained at cryogenic temperatures for over one hundred (100) days. This cryo dewar is housed in KLB412 and is available to all the members of Structural Biology Program.

Figure 4 Taylor-Wharton HC 34 Cryo Storage Dewar


Emergency Generator Power

During the renovation of the Institute in 2003, X-Ray Facility was wired with emergency power sockets that would supply power to mission critical equipments that run on 208 VAC | 20A | 60 Hz | Single Phase.  This year we have supplemented the power to include equipments that run on 110 VAC | 20 A | 60 Hz | Single Phase.

Figure 5 Emergency Generator Power Sockets

UPS Power for Cryo Controller

During a power outage cryo controller needs to be powered by, in addition to the emergency generator power, an uninterruptible power supply in order for it to retain the pre-programmed cooling routine.  So XRF has added an APC Smart Back UPS Pro 1400 in series with the emergency generator power.  During a short power outage the UPS will power the cryo systems and during a pro-longed power outage the generator will power the cryo systems.

Figure 6 Emergency + UPS Power for CryoConroller


HKL2000 and HKL 1.97.9

HKL2000 (v. 0.98.689) and HKL v. 1.97.9 executables are available for XRF machines (raccoon and neptune) IMB machine (flame) and PI machines (boston, fgf, miami and dallas).  Users need to get an updated version of cr_info (dated Feb. 2005) from Soma in order to run these programs.

Alias and modifier

Users can run a program locally, by invoking an alias, while that program is physically present in a remote machine.  Before invoking an alias, however, the user should specify it in their shell-rc file.  For example, if your default shell is csh or tcsh then, the following line in your .cshrc or .tcshrc file would specify an alias dz to invoke the program denzo (please follow the exact syntax):

alias dz ‘/usr/local/xray/HKL.1.97.2/denzo’ (or equivalent)

If your default shell is bash then the syntax should look like the following in your .bashrc file (please follow the exact syntax):

alias dz=’/imb/users/d1/soma/HKL.1.97.2/denzo’ (or equivalent)

In order for the user to display images collected under different formats, combine xdisp command with an appropriate modifier.  The modifiers for most commonly used formats are given below (b : indicates a blank space):

xdisp b raxis2n b myxtal001.osc              |R-Axis format


xdisp b ccd b unsupported-m165 b xtal01.001  |MarCCD165 format


xdisp b ccd b adsc b unsupported-q4 b xtal01.001   |Quantum 4 format


xdisp b ccd b unsupported-m225 b xtal01.001  |MarCCD225 format


 b : indicates a required empty space.


The same modifiers are required while processing the data using denzo with the keyword ‘format’.  Integrated intensity data files, otherwise known as .x files, can be superimposed on the image data to visually inspect the fit between the observed and calculated.  For example, to superimpose the .x file number 15 (myxtal015.x) on data number 15 (myxtal015.osc) follow the syntax:

xdisp b raxis2n b myxtal###.osc b 15 myxtal###.x |R-Axis data + Predictions


CCP4 5.0

Linux versions of CCP4 v. 5.0 and 4.2.2 as well as ccp4-i have been installed in raccoon and neptune.  User should copy the following file in order to run the latest version

source /usr/local/xray/CCP4/ccp4-5.0/include/ccp4.setup

EPMR 2.5

Version 2.5 of Evolutionary Programming for Molecular Replacement (EPMR) by C.R. Kissinger et al has been installed in raccoon and neptune.  Invoke the program by issuing the following command


Phaser 1.2

Latest version of Phaser 1.2 from Randy Reed’s lab in Cambridge University, England has been installed in raccoon and neptune.  Invoke the program by issuing the following command:



Please send your suggestions and comments for further hardware and software upgrades to Soma.